Project Management Knowledge Areas 101


Project management consists of ten knowledge areas. Project managers must develop key competencies – knowledge and skills – in all of these areas to make their project successful. Project management knowledge areas group project processes by subject matter or, to put it another way, what a project manager needs to know.

Groupings and processes involved in each area of specialization are what the following graphic covers.

Image titled Project Management Knowledge Areas 101

The Ten Knowledge Areas Explained

1) Project Management Knowledge Areas


A knowledge area is an area of specialization that includes a set of concepts, key words and activities specific to that particular field of project management.

The project management process groups tell you what you have to know during each process of your project.

2) 10 Project Management Knowledge Areas, by Processes Groups


2.1) INTEGRATION

Identify, define, combine, unify, and coordinate the various processes and project management activities within the project management process groups.

Processes

Develop Project Charter (Initiating); Develop Project Management Plan (Planning); Direct and Manage Project Work (Executing); Monitor and Control Project Work (Monitoring & Controlling); Perform Integrated Change Control (Monitoring & Controlling); Close Project or Phase (Closing).

2.2) SCOPE

Ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully.

Processes

Plan Scope Management (Planning); Collect Requirements (Planning); Define Scope (Planning); Create WBS (Planning); Validate Scope (Monitoring & Controlling); Control Scope (Monitoring & Controlling).

2.3) TIME

Manage the timely completion of the project.

Processes

Plan Schedule Management (Planning); Define Activities (Planning); Sequence Activities (Planning); Estimate Activity Resources (Planning); Estimate Activity Durations (Planning); Develop Schedule (Planning); Control Schedule (Monitoring & Controlling).

2.4) COST

Plan, estimate, budget, finance, fund, manage, and control costs so that the project can be completed within the approved budget.

Processes

Plan Cost Management (Planning); Estimate Costs (Planning); Determine Budget (Planning); Control Costs (Monitoring & Controlling).

2.5) QUALITY

Determine quality policies, objectives, and responsibilities so that the project will satisfy the needs for which it was undertaken.

Processes

Plan Quality Management (Planning); Perform Quality Assurance (Executing); Quality Control (Monitoring & Controlling).

2.6) HUMAN RESOURCES

Organize, manage, and lead the project team.

Processes

Plan Human Resource Management (Planning); Acquire Project Team (Executing); Develop Project Team (Executing); Manage Project Team (Executing).

2.7) COMMUNICATIONS

Ensure timely and appropriate planning, collection, creation, distribution, storage, retrieval, management, control, monitoring, and the ultimate disposition of project information.

Processes

Plan Communications Management (Planning); Manage Communications (Executing); Control Communications (Monitoring & Controlling).

2.8) RISK

Conduct risk management planning, identification, analysis, response planning, and control risk on a project.

Processes

Plan Risk Management (Planning); Identify Risks (Planning); Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis (Planning); Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis (Planning); Plan Risk Responses (Planning); Monitor and Control Risks (Monitoring & Controlling).

2.9) PROCUREMENT

Purchase or acquire products, services, or results needed from outside the project team.

Processes

Plan Procurements (Planning); Conduct Procurements (Executing); Control Procurements (Monitoring & Controlling); Close Procurements (Closing).

2.10) STAKEHOLDER

Identify all people or organizations impacted by the project, analyzing stakeholder expectations and impact on the project, and developing appropriate management strategies for effectively engaging stakeholders in project decisions and execution.

Processes

Identify Stakeholders (Initiating); Plan Stakeholder Management (Planning); Manage Stakeholder Engagement (Executing); Control Stakeholder Engagement (Monitoring & Controlling).


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