PMP Certification – Project Integration Management 101


Project Integration Management is the first knowledge area of project management.

It includes a group of processes required to ensure that the various elements of the project are properly coordinated.

Based on chapter 4 of PMBOK® Guide 5th Edition, here you will find:

  • project management graphic of Project Integration Management, a quick reference guide to its definition and processes
  • Project Integration Management WHATs, WHYs, WHENs, and HOWs — by Project Integration Management processes

Read on!

Project INTEGRATION Management 101 – by Project Management Process Group

Icon titled Project Integration Management 101 Initiating Processes Tipsographic1. Develop Project Charter

  • WHAT Develop Project Charter Is. This is the process that creates the project charter, the foundational document for the project. The project charter provides political and financial support for the project, since it tells everyone in the company why the project is needed and authorizes the project manager to do her work.
  • WHY Develop Project Charter Is Important. The project charter is the green light that gives the project manager the authority to expend organizational resources to achieve project objectives.
  • WHEN Develop Project Charter Is Executed. The design – and signing – of the project charter is the first process that is completed for the whole project.
  • HOW Develop Project Charter Operates.
InputsTools and techniquesOutputs
  1. Project statement of work
  2. Business case
  3. Agreements
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Facilitation techniques
  1. Project charter

Source: PMBOK® Guide, 5th ed., Chapter 4, section 4.1, p. 66.

Icon titled Project Integration Management 101 Planning Processes Tipsographic

2. Develop Project Management Plan

  • WHAT Develop Project Management Plan Is. The Develop Project Management Plan is where the project manager defines, prepares, coordinates and then integrates all the subsidiary project plans into a single document.
  • WHY Develop Project Management Plan Is Important. The project management plan is the master document that points to everyone what needs to happen when they perform the project work.
  • WHEN Develop Project Management Plan Is Executed. A project manager outlines the project management plan progressively—not all at once—after the subsidiary plans from the other knowledge areas are completed.
  • HOW Develop Project Management Plan Operates.
InputsTools and techniquesOutputs
  1. Project charter
  2. Outputs from other processes
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Facilitation techniques
  1. Project management plan

Source: PMBOK® Guide, 5th ed., Chapter 4, section 4.2, p. 72.

Icon Titled Project Integration Management 101 Executing Processes Tipsographic

3. Direct and Manage Project Work

  • WHAT Direct and Manage Project Work Is. Direct and Manage Project Work process is where the project manager and the rest of the project team members execute and complete the work described in the project management plan to produce the deliverables.
  • WHY Direct and Manage Project Work Is Important. The Direct and Manage Project Work process is where project managers and their teams do the actual work. It absorbs much of the project budget.
  • WHEN Direct and Manage Project Work Is Executed. Project managers and their teams perform the Direct and Manage Project Work process any time they create deliverables, repair defects in deliverables, or make sure any change in the project management plan is reflected in the deliverables. It is not a one time process throughout the whole project.
  • HOW Direct and Manage Project Work Operates.
InputsTools and techniquesOutputs
  1. Project management plan
  2. Approved change requests
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Project management information system
  3. Meetings
  1. Deliverables
  2. Work performance data
  3. Change requests
  4. Project management plan updates
  5. Project documents updates

Source: PMBOK® Guide, 5th ed., Chapter 4, section 4.3, p. 79.

Icon Titled Project Integration Management 101 Monitoring Controlling Processes Tipsographic

4. Monitor and Control Project Work

  • WHAT Monitor and Control Project Work Is. Monitor and Control Project Work is what project manager does day by day to track, review, and report the progresses against the project management plan.
  • WHY Monitor and Control Project Work Is Important. Monitor and Control Project Work is where a project manager notices a problem and assesses any corrective actions to minimize the impact on schedule, cost, and resources.
  • WHEN Monitor and Control Project Work Is Executed. Monitoring and controlling work is done throughout the life of the project from initiation to closure.
  • HOW Monitor and Control Project Work Operates.
InputsTools and techniquesOutputs
  1. Project management plan
  2. Schedule forecasts
  3. Cost forecasts
  4. Validated changes
  5. Work performance information
  6. Enterprise environmental factors
  7. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Analytical techniques
  3. Project management Information system
  4. Meetings
  1. Change requests
  2. Work performance reports
  3. Project management plan updates
  4. Project documents updates

Source: PMBOK® Guide, 5th ed., Chapter 4, section 4.4, p. 86.

5. Perform Integrated Change Control

  • WHAT Perform Integrated Change Control Is. A project manager uses the Perform Integrated Change Control process to evaluate how a problem affects the project constraints—time, cost, scope, resources, risks, and quality—and figure out if it’s worth making the change.
  • WHY Perform Integrated Change Control Is Important. Perform Integrated Change Control process is where a project manager considers all changes to any part of the project— change requests from all the other monitoring and control processes— and decides whether or not to make them. Anyway, the last word on changes to the project’s scope lies on the change control board side, that will approve or reject the project manager’s decisions.
  • WHEN Perform Integrated Change Control Is Executed. Like all monitoring and control processes, Perform Integrated Change Control process is completed throughout the whole project.
  • HOW Perform Integrated Change Control Operates.
InputsTools and techniquesOutputs
  1. Project management plan
  2. Work performance reports
  3. Change requests
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Meetings
  3. Change control tools
  1. Approved change requests
  2. Change log
  3. Project management plan updates
  4. Project documents updates

Source: PMBOK® Guide, 5th ed., Chapter 4, section 4.5, p. 94.

Icon Titled Project Integration Management 101 Closing Processes Tipsographic

6. Close Project or Phase

  • WHAT Close Project or Phase Is. Close Project or Phase is the process of completing all work for the entire project or just a phase in the project life cycle.
  • WHY Close Project or Phase Is Important. By performing the Close Project or Phase process, a project manager ensures that the project is closed properly and that the future projects will be able to leverage on the records originated from the closing—future organizational process assets.
  • WHEN Close Project or Phase Is Executed. In the real world, the Close Project or Phase process is used when closing a project prior to deliverable handover, or when completing a phase of a project prior to awaiting approval to proceed to the next phase. In the exam, it is assumed to take place at the end of the project or phase.
  • HOW Close Project or Phase Operates.
InputsTools and techniquesOutputs
  1. Project management plan
  2. Accepted deliverables
  3. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Analytical techniques
  3. Meetings
  1. Final Product, Service, or Result transition
  2. Organizational process assets updates

Source: PMBOK® Guide, 5th ed., Chapter 4, section 4.6, p. 100.

project management integration management 101, project management exam 101, marketing project management software 101, integration management plan 101, creative project management software 101, pmp project management 101, project management certification 101, pmp certification 101, project management, project management software, project management software web based 101.