PMP Certification Formulas: Present Value

Note if you are taking the PMP® exam from 26 March 2018 onwards: click here to read the updated PMP® study material based on PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition.

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Present Value

$Present Value$ or $PV$ is the value of the investment in today’s terms. It is the value of future cash flows of the project in today’s dollars.


\begin{equation} PV=\frac{FV}{(1+r)^n} \end{equation}


$PV$=Present Value

$FV$=Future Value

$r$=interest rate

$n$=number of years for the project


  • The result: amount of money to invest today ($PV$) for $n$ years at $r\%$ interest in order to end up with the target sum ($PV-FV$)
  • The bigger the better.

Source: Project Management Institute (2017). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). 6th ed. Newtown Square: Project Management Institute.

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Hi, I am Stefania, hearth and keyboard behind Tipsographic, a free online resource for everybody interested in project management and agile. I specialize in project management tips, tools, and tricks. When I'm not writing, you can find me road cycling around Tuscany or spending time with friends and family.

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