PMP Certification Formulas: Net Present Value

Image titled project management formulas net present value

Net Present Value

$Net Present Value$ or $NPV$ is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows. It is the potential change in an investor’s wealth caused by that project while time value of money is being accounted for.


\begin{equation} NPV=\displaystyle\sum_{t=1}^{T} \frac{FV_t}{(1+r)^t} – C_0 \end{equation}


$NPV$=Net Present Value

$FV$=Future Value of cash inflows, at time t

$C_0$=initial investment

$r$=interest rate

$T$=cash flow period


  • The NPV decision rules: $NPV>0$, accept project; $NPV=0$ accept or reject project; $NPV<0$ reject project.
  • For the PMP® exam, you will not likely have to calculate NPV. You just need to know that the project with the highest NPV provides the more favorable financial investment.

Source: Project Management Institute (2017). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). 6th ed. Newtown Square: Project Management Institute.

TIPS FOR: net present value excel, net present value of future cash flows, net present value of annuity calculator, net present value excel template, net present value of annuity, online project management software, online project management tools, software project management software, web project management software, it project management tools, online project management degree, masters degree in project management, marketing project management software, project portfolio management software, project portfolio management.

Recommended for You

  • 1

Project Management Glossary

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

“PMP”, “PMBOK”, “PMI-ACP” and “PMI” are registered trademarks of the Project Management Institute, Inc. All rights reserved.

project management 2018 agile 2018 pmp 2018 tipsographic stefania

Hi, I am Stefania, hearth and keyboard behind Tipsographic, a free online resource for everybody interested in project management and agile. I specialize in project management tips, tools, and tricks. When I'm not writing, you can find me road cycling around Tuscany or spending time with friends and family.

Welcome to Tipsographic!