PMP Certification: Project Management Process Groups 101—PMBOK® Guide, 6th Edition Update


While no two projects will be identical, every project needs Process Groups to organize logically the activities planned to achieve project success.

Together with the 10 Knowledge Areas, the 5 Process Groups are the backbone of the PMBOK® Guide, 6th edition.

Read on for a big picture of the PMBOK® Process Groups, handy while preparing for the Project Management Professional (PMP)® exam.

For a detailed analysis of each process, click on “PMP Certification – Free Exam Prep” here or on the right menu.

Image titled 35 hours of project management education project management process groups 101 pmbok 6th edition update

Project Management Process Group Defined

A Project Management Process Group is a logical grouping of project management processes to achieve specific project objectives.

A process group tells you what needs to be done during each process of the project.

A process group tells you what needs to be done during each process of the project.

Specific inputs and outputs connect the project management processes, where the result or outcome of one process may be used as input for another process.

Process Groups are independent of project phases.

The 5 Project Management Process Groups

by Processes and Key Outputs

Project management processes are grouped into the following five Project Management Process Groups:

1. Initiating Process Group


Define a new project or a new phase of an existing project by obtaining authorization to start the project or phase.

PROCESSESKEY OUTPUTS
  • Develop Project Charter
  • Identify Stakeholders
  • Project Charter
  • Stakeholder Register

2. Planning Process Group


Establish the scope of the project, refine the objectives, and define the course of action required to attain the objectives that the project was undertaken to achieve.

PROCESSESKEY OUTPUTS
  • Develop Project Management Plan
  • Plan Scope Management
  • Collect Requirements
  • Define Scope
  • Create WBS
  • Plan Schedule Management
  • Define Activities
  • Sequence Activities
  • Estimate Activity Durations
  • Develop Schedule
  • Plan Cost Management
  • Estimate Costs
  • Determine Budget
  • Plan Quality Management
  • Plan Resource Management
  • Estimate Activity Resources
  • Plan Communications Management
  • Plan Risk Management
  • Identify Risks
  • Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
  • Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis
  • Plan Risk Responses
  • Plan Procurement Management
  • Plan Stakeholder Engagement
  • Project Management Plans and Related Documents:
    • Scope Requirements
    • Schedule
    • Cost
    • Quality
    • Human Resources
    • Communication
    • Risk
    • Procurement
    • Change
    • Stakeholders

Recommended for You